Best Medical Courses after 12th for Indian Students

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Blog Summary Discover the best medical courses after 12th for Indian students in this engaging guide. Unveil sought-after options that align with the evolving medical landscape. With over 1.3 million students opting for medical studies, the field's scope is vast. Choose from programs like MBBS, Biomedical Science, and Therapy Studies. These courses lead to promising roles such as doctors, researchers, and therapists, with opportunities to work globally. Dental Surgery and Orthoptics are also in demand due to heightened health awareness. Dive into a fulfilling medical career by pursuing these top-notch courses, shaping a brighter future in healthcare.

Are you a higher secondary student looking forward to studying one of the best medical courses after 12th? Don’t wait anymore! In this guide, we are diving deep into some of the top medical courses after 12th that are best suitable for Indian students and highly sought after in the job market. 

As children, we might have worn the stethoscope pretending to be doctors; that is the love that this medical profession has garnered interest in right from childhood. Hence, “I want to become a doctor” has become a typical answer for many Indian students. 

Medical courses have an impressive pay scale globally, as the scope and technological advancements in this medical field keep evolving year after year. Besides, this is the right time to venture into this field, as the demand for medical professionals is increasing rapidly around the globe. 

What is the scope for medical courses after 12th for Indian students?

Over 1.3 million students opt for medical courses after 12th making it one of the most sought after programs for Indian students. The scope for medical-related courses after 12th is widening as the medical field is flourishing with the help of new technologies. Besides, healthcare demand has been growing rapidly in the last ten years. 

Graduating students can either work as researchers or with doctors or independently by setting up a clinic. The job opportunities in the medical field are abundant, and you can easily find jobs at hospitals or clinics. The scope for medical courses is sure to multiply in the coming years as hospitals are creating awareness among people about health and fitness. 

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Best Medical Courses List after 12th for Indian Students

1. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (Medical Courses after 12th)

Course Duration: 5 years

Career Options: Junior doctor, Physician, Researcher, Medical writer and Scientist

As per the data from WHO, the ratio of doctors to population must be ideally 1:1000, which means there should be one doctor for every 1000 people which applies to all countries globally. 

More doctors are required to meet the demand in the healthcare industry around the globe. MBBS is one of the most preferred medical courses after 12th for Indian students; the career scope is bright for the MBBS program as it is one of the high paying courses and regarded as the best course after 12th medical.

Medical Roles - MBBS 

Suitable Medical Roles

Highest Paying Countries for Medical Roles

Junior Doctor






2. Bachelor of Biomedical Science - Medical Science

Course Duration: 3 years

Career Options: Biotechnologist, Biomedical Scientist, Clinical Research Associate and Forensic Expert. 

Students studying this course will develop knowledge and critical thinking in pre-clinical scientific specialisations using theory and practical lab experiments. Hence, Biomedical science is one of the top medical courses after 12th for Indian students. 

As a biomedical student, you ought to learn in 3 specialities: life sciences, physiological sciences, and bioengineering. This field of study focuses on areas such as chemistry and biology, which are related to healthcare. 

Medical Roles - Biomedical Science 

Suitable Medical Roles

Highest Paying Countries for Medical Roles



Biomedical Scientist


Clinical Research Associate


3. Bachelor of Health Sciences (Therapy Studies)

Course Duration: 3 years

Career Options: Family Therapist, Marriage Therapist, Counsellor, and Psychologist.

Therapists are licensed and authorised to help patients with mental illness or those with emotional issues. They usually offer guidance with a non-judgemental ear and initiate non-pharmaceutical treatments for patients. 

As a Therapist, you will develop immense knowledge in physiology and anatomy. Therapy studies lay a strong foundation for students in traditional and emerging therapy areas. Therefore, Therapy Studies is one of the most popular medical courses after 12th.

Medical Roles - Therapy Studies

Suitable Medical Roles

Highest Paying Countries for Medical Roles







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4. Bachelor of Science in Speech and Language Therapy (Honors)

Course Duration: 3 years

Career Options: Speech and Language Therapist, Voice Coach and Communication Coach.

Speech and language therapists treat patients who have speech disorders. Speech and language therapy is an ideal career choice for people who want to treat children with difficulty in speech for many reasons. Hence, it is one of the most sought after medical courses after 12th for Indian students. 

This program will help you qualify as a speech and language therapist in a span of 3 years. As a Speech and Language Therapist, you will offer guidance on communication impairments and issues with eating, drinking and swallowing. You will also study a range of subjects such as linguistics, psychology and speech pathology. 

Read More: Best Medical Courses in UK

Medical Roles - Speech and Language Therapy 

Suitable Medical Roles

Highest Paying Countries for Medical Roles

Speech and Language Therapist


Voice Coach


Communication Coach


5. BDS (Honours) Dental Surgery (Best Courses after 12th Medical)

Course Duration: 5 years

Career Options: Dentist, Dental Consultant, and Dental Educator

Dental surgery is one of the top courses in medical field after 12th as people are more aware and serious about dental care, which creates a huge demand for dental surgeons in this field. As a Dentist, you will deal with a wide range of dental problems such as cavities, gum disease, sensitive teeth, oral cancer and broken teeth.

Over 15,000 Indian students graduate annually in the dental course. In order to become skilled in this profession, students should try to gain more practical clinical experience in the dental hospital along with other dental professionals. 

Medical Roles - Dental Surgery 

Suitable Medical Roles

Highest Paying Countries for Medical Roles



Dental Consultant


Dental Educator


6. Bachelor of Oral Health (Therapy and Hygiene)

Course Duration: 3 years

Career Options: Dental Therapist and Dental Hygienist

As an Oral Health student, you will develop immense scientific, clinical and theoretical skills in oral health therapy and hygiene. There is a shortage of dental professionals in this area of specialisation and stepping into this field is a valuable contribution to dental healthcare.

Oral health professionals are skilled clinicians who deal with periodontal tissues and teeth diseases. These professionals primarily focus on early diagnosis and treatment and offer routine restorative and periodontal care for dental patients. Therefore, Oral Health is one of the best medical courses after 12th for Indian students.

Medical Roles - Oral Health

Suitable Medical Roles

Highest Paying Countries for Medical Roles

Dental Therapist

New Zealand

Dental Hygienist


7. Bachelor of Orthoptics (Honours)

Course Duration: 4 years

Career Options: Orthotist and Orthotist Educator

Orthoptics is one of the in-demand medical courses after 12th. People around the globe are prone to vision damage due to exposure to increased screen time on television and mobiles. Being an Orthoptics student, you learn to detect, diagnose and manage vision and eye issues in adults and children.

The curriculum focuses on misalignments, eye diseases, and disorders, and will help you understand and perform Orthoptics in patients. You will develop excellent knowledge of the human visual system and eye disorders and learn to investigate decreased visual function.

Read More: Best Medical Courses in USA

Medical Roles - Orthoptics 

Suitable Medical Roles

Highest Paying Countries for Medical Roles



Orthotist Educator


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8. BSc Optometry (Honours)

Course Duration: 3 years

Career Options: Optometrist, Optometry Researcher, Optometry Educator and Vision Consultant.

Optometry is one of the best courses in medical field after 12th as it is a very unique specialisation with scope for more job opportunities after graduation. An optometrist is one of the highly skilled healthcare professionals who are well trained to offer eye care services in addition to eye tests.

There is a rising demand for eye care professionals as people are prone to eye defects due to high screen time on television and phones. With the right mix of theoretical and practical experience, Optometry students can gain immense knowledge in this field.

Medical Roles - Optometry 

Suitable Medical Roles

Highest Paying Countries for Medical Roles



Optometry Researcher


9. Bachelor of Pharmacy (Honours)

Course Duration: 4 years

Career Options: Pharmacist, Drug Inspector, Analytical Chemist, and Health Inspector.

The primary goal of studying this course is to enhance positive healthcare results and improve the quality of life of patients with minimal risk. Pharmacy is one of the best medical courses after 12th as it is one of the emerging sectors globally, and the market size has reached a whopping $486 billion in 2021. 

As part of the course, you will learn subjects such as physiology, biochemistry, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, pharmacotherapy and pharmaceutics. You need to apply your cognitive skills and knowledge to excel in the pharmacy practice.

Medical Roles - Pharmacy 

Suitable Medical Roles

Highest Paying Countries for Medical Roles



Drug Inspector


Health Inspector


10. Bachelor of Health Sciences (Psychology)

Course Duration: 3 years

Career Options: Psychologist, Counselor and Psychotherapist.

Psychology is one of the most sought after medical courses after 12th for Indian students. It is a study of mental health which is very vital to stay active and do our day to day activities promptly. As a psychology student, you will be studying the functions of mental characteristics of a person to understand them better.

You need to develop a good understanding of personality, behaviour, consciousness and human brain development to excel in this program. There are abundant opportunities for you to work at hospitals, clinics or even work independently by setting up a clinic. 

Read More: Nursing Courses in Canada for International Students

Medical Roles - Psychology 

Suitable Medical Roles

Highest Paying Countries for Medical Roles







Best Medical Courses after 12th - Medicine

  1. B.Sc Emergency Medical Services
  2. Bachelor of Medical Science (Honours)
  3. Bachelor of Clinical Sciences (Honours)
  4. Bachelor of Biomedical Science (Honours)
  5. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

Best Medical Courses after 12th - Dentistry

  1. B.Sc Dental Hygiene
  2. BDS (Honours) Dentistry
  3. Bachelor of Dental Surgery
  4. Bachelor of Oral Health Science
  5. Bachelor of Dental Health Science

Best Medical Courses after 12th - Psychology

  1. B.A Clinical Psychology
  2. Bachelor of Arts in Psychology
  3. Bachelor of Forensic Psychology
  4. Bachelor of Psychological Science
  5. B.Sc Applied Psychology (Honours)

Best Medical Courses after 12th - Nursing

  1. B.Sc Adult Nursing
  2. Bachelor of Nursing
  3. Bachelor of Nursing Science
  4. Bachelor of Nursing (Honours)
  5. Bachelor of Psychiatric Nursing

Best Medical Courses after 12th - Health Studies

  1. Bachelor of Health Studies
  2. B.A Health, Fitness and Wellness
  3. B.A Health and Social Care (Honours)
  4. Bachelor of Health and Medical Sciences
  5. Bachelor of Health Services Management

Medical Diploma Courses after 12th in Canada

Medical diploma courses have a shorter duration than degree courses. Most of these diploma courses have a 1–2-year course duration. These courses focus on particular fields of medical science and will make you employable. 

A few popular medical diploma courses you can do after class 12th are:

  • Diploma in Health Information Management
  • Diploma in Development Services Worker
  • Diploma in Acupuncture
  • Diploma in Practical Nursing
  • Diploma in Dispensing Optician
  • Diploma in Auxiliary Nursing Science
  • Kinesiology Diploma
  • Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance and Quality Control Diploma Program
  • Clinical Research, Drug Safety and Pharmacovigilance Diploma Program
  • Advanced Diploma in Medical Radiation Technology
  • Diploma in Pharmacy Technician
  • Diploma in Occupational Therapist Assistant and Physiotherapist Assistant
  • Advanced Diploma in Dental Hygiene
  • Diploma in Paramedic
  • Diploma in Biotechnology-Health (BIOT)
  • Advanced Diploma in Child and Youth Care
  • Cardiology Technologist
  • Chemical Addictions Worker Diploma
  • Medical Office Administrator Diploma Programme
  • Diploma of Phytotherapy
  • Diploma of Holistic Nutrition

Courses in Canada after 12th Medical Without Maths

Though Maths is mandatory to secure admission in many courses that fall under the Medical Science faculty in Canada, there are many options for the students who didn't opt for Maths in class 12th. A few medical courses that you can pursue in Canada without studying Maths but have subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in Class 12 are:

  • Bachelor of Science in Biology
  • Bachelor of Public Health
  • Bachelor of Physical and Health Education
  • Associate of Science in Biology
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry
  • Bachelor of Science in Dairy Technology
  • Bachelor of Dental Surgery
  • Bachelor in Medical Lab Technology

Short Medical Courses in Canada

Short-term medical courses allow students to gain knowledge in related fields and pursue a career in the healthcare sector. Usually, the duration of these courses is a few months; however, a few of them take a year or a little bit more time to complete. 

A few short courses in Medicine & Health in Canada are:

  • Medical Device Reprocessing Technician Program
  • Hospital Unit Co-Ordinator Program
  • Dental Assistant Program
  • Animal Care Aid Certificate Program
  • Massage Therapy Diploma Program
  • Certificate in Gerontology
  • Human Psychology Program

MBBS in Canada after 12th

For those who passed class 12, Canada offers a medical program called the Doctor of Medicine (MD). It holds the same value as India's MBBS. More than 60 colleges and universities in Canada offer Doctor of Medicine courses. Pursuing MD in Canada has many advantages, such as high teaching quality, best infrastructure, experienced faculty, worldwide recognition, etc. The duration of MD ranges between 3-5 years, and it varies with students' backgrounds and the university. In most universities, the first year is called the preparatory year, and it's for those students who apply without a science degree. For these students, the course duration will be 5 years. If you already have a bachelor's degree in Science or Biology, you can enroll for the 4-year programme. After completing MD in Canada, students can apply for Medical Residency there. Or else, they can come back to India and directly start their medical practice.

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Top Medical Colleges in Canada

Name of the University

QS World University Ranking 2022

THE World University Ranking 

Popular Programmes

University of Toronto, Toronto



Bachelor of Science, Master of Science/Applied Science & Doctorate Degrees MBBS/MD

McGill University, Montreal



Bachelor of Science, Master of Science/Applied Science & Doctorate Degrees, BSc Nursing

The University of British Columbia, Vancouver 



Bachelor of Science in Food, Nutrition/Health Master of Science/Applied Science & Doctorate Degrees

McMaster University, Hamilton



BSc Life Sciences, Master of Science & Doctorate Degrees

University of Calgary, Calgary



Bachelor of Science, Master of Science & Doctorate Degrees

University of Alberta, Edmonton



Bachelor of Science, Master of Science & Doctorate Degrees, BDS

University of Ottawa, Ottawa



Bachelor of Health Science, Master of Science & Doctorate Degrees

Queen’s University, Kingston


251 - 300

Doctor of Medicine, Bachelor of Science, Master of Science, PG Medical Education, & Doctoral Programmes

Dalhousie University, Halifax


251 - 300

Doctor of Medicine, Bachelor of Science, Master of Science, & Doctoral Programmes

University of Manitoba, Manitoba

601 - 650

351 – 400

Bachelor of Science, Master of Science, Bachelor of Nursing, Bachelor of Midwifery, Doctor of Medicine, PhD Programs, BDS, & Postgraduate Medical Programmes

Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC


251 – 300

Bachelor of Science in a large number of subjects.

BSc Nursing in Canada

BSC Nursing has a course duration of 4 years in Canada. Those students who have completed at least two years at a university are eligible to apply in accelerated BSc Nursing Programmes. But during those two years, the students must have studied human anatomy and physiology. Though for regular BSc Nursing, class 12th is the basic eligibility, certain universities like the University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia accept only transfer students in their BSc Nursing.

After BSc Nursing, students can become registered nurses in Canada. To become registered nurses, students should pass Canadian Registered Nurse Examination conducted by the Canadian Nurses Association (CNA). It's the common examination to become a registered nurse in all provinces of Canada, except in Quebec.

Top universities for BSc Nursing in Canada

  • University of Toronto
  • McMaster University
  • McGill University
  • University of Alberta
  • University of British Columbia

BDS in Canada After 12th

Canada is home to several prestigious dental schools. Admission and application requirements for these dental schools differ from one institution to another. Hence, it's essential to contact the respective dental school admissions office to check their admission requirements. To get admission in most Canadian dental schools, the candidates should produce a valid Dental Aptitude Test (DAT) score, conducted by Canadian Dental Association (CDA).

Usually, the course duration of BDS is 4 years in Canada, and the popular BDS programmes are:

  • Doctor of Medicine in Dentistry
  • Doctor of Dental Surgery
  • Doctor of Dental Hygiene
  • Doctor of Dental Medicine
TOP Universities for BDS in Canada
  • McGill University
  • University of Alberta
  • University of British Columbia
  • Western University
  • Dalhousie University

BHMS in Canada

Homeopathic treatment is in demand across Canada, and students who passed 12th Science can pursue homeopathic programmes in Canada. Different institutes offer different programmes, and their names vary from one college to another. 

However, major subjects included in the undergraduate level of homeopathic programmes are:

  • Principle of homeopathic
  • Human Anatomy
  • Philosophy
  • Immunology
  • Pathology
  • Organon of Medicine
  • Embryology
TOP Universities for BHMS in Canada
  • Ontario Colleges of Homeopathic Medicine
  • The School of Homeopathy
  • Montreal Institute of Classical Homeopathy
  • Canadian College of Homeopathic Medicines
  • The Canadian Academy of Homeopathy

Courses in Canada after 12th Non Medical

Canada is not just a favourite destination for medical science studies. There are many excellent universities in Canada that offer non-medical courses as well. That means the students who studied in Commerce and Humanities can also pursue their higher studies in Canada.

A few best non-medical bachelor/diploma courses available in Canadian universities are:

  • Bachelor of Engineering
  • Bachelor of Management
  • Bachelor of Commerce
  • Bachelor of Science
  • Bachelor of Arts
  • Bachelor of Laws
  • Diploma in Business Administration
  • Graduate Certificate in Project Management
  • Graduate Certificate in Organisation Management
  • Professional Certificate in Management
  • Bachelor of Applied Management in Hospitality Management
  • Graduate Diploma in Disaster and Emergency Management
  • Diploma in Asia Pacific Management
  • Graduate Certificate in Business Intelligence Analytics
  • BSc in Accounting & Finance
  • BSc in Money, Banking, & Finance
  • Bachelor of Arts in Psychology
  • BSc Management
  • BSc Building Surveying
  • BSc International Business
  • Bachelor of Interior Design
  • Bachelor of Architectural Studies
  • Bachelor of Arts in Film

Important Links


Frequently Asked Questions

Is it recommended to do a medical coding course after 12th?
It is highly recommended to enrol in medical coding course after 12th to step into the healthcare industry. The demand is growing every year for medical coding as many companies rely on it for initiating medical procedures such as processing medical records and bills.